Jun 072016

paleontologyPaleontology scientists have discovered the oldest root stem plant cells. They were found in an old fossil about 320million years old. The cells were found in a root tip of an ancient plant. The cells is gave rise to the ancient plant roots.

Trap jawed new ant species was discovered in piece of Burmese Amber which is about 99million years old. The new species is called Ceratomyrmex ellenbergeri. It belongs to the earliest ant linage of the Haidomyrmecin tribe. Ceratomyrmex ellenbergeri lived 99million year ago during the cretaceous period.

The discovery of over 6000 Antarctic marine fossils indicated the mass extinction scenario that had all dinosaurs killed at the Polar Regions is thought to be sudden and equally hazardous to life at the poles. Creatures at the poles were previously thought to be in less hazardous position at the southern pole during mass extinction event.

Mitochondrial genome of a fossil of about 3500years old was retrieved in Pestera Muierii in Romania. The fossil is part of the first population of the human species that inhabited Europe. The lineage she (the fossil) belongs to embarks the theory of back migration to Africa during the Paleolithic period.

Snail eating marsupial fossils have been discovered by paleontologists in Australia. The snails were previous known to have lived in Australia between 10 to 15million years ago. The new family has been named Malleodectidae and using its massive premolar tooth to break into marsupials, favorite meal.

Evidence has been found on the predation of the ancient microbial ecosystem. Electron microscope was used to view minute fossils, which dates up to 740millions years. Circular holes were found and thought to may have been formed by an ancient Vampyrellidae amoeba, which reach inside to consume the cell content of the microbial systems.

Fossils of a new species of ichthyosauri form marine reptile have been discovered in Anhui Province in China. The reptile species lived 248 million years ago. The new species was named Sclerocormus parviceps; flourished in the oceans of the Mesozoic era.

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